I hope you are all well and healthy.
If you’ve had a chance to read last week’s lesson on the Davidic Covenant, I’ve attached a quiz that you can take to test your knowledge. If the question requires you to refer to a Bible passage or verse, feel free to look those up.
QUIZ #14 - The Davidic Covenant
Continuing on in the lessons on the covenants, our last stop is the The New Covenant.
Like the previous covenants, let’s looks at five areas of the New Covenant 1)Context, 2) Features, 3) Class, (Conditional or Unconditional) 4) Significance, and its 5) Relation to Bible History.
The New Covenant
We find this covenant spoken of back in the Old Testament, in Jeremiah 31:31-34. It says, 31 “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares the Lord. 33 “But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” declares the Lord, “I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. 34 They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares the LORD, “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.” God, in his grace, made this covenant after the nation was in mourning over their city, which was destroyed by the Babylonians. It was to not only to show His faithfulness and redemption to Israel, but to offer to fallen humanity as well.
ii. “I will be their God, and they shall be My people” (33c), and…
iii. “They (Israel) will know Me (God) because I will forgive their iniquity…”(34).
Because Israel had no actionable part and God made all the promises, this is considered another UNCONDITIONAL promise. This covenant is another amplification of the Abrahamic covenant - the blessing aspect to be specific. To be absolved, forgiven, cleared, or freed of your sins (and never again remembered) is truly a blessing in every sense of the word! (see Psalm 32:1)
The New Covenant is both significant and unique for several reasons.
1. Relation to Bible History
How does this relate to Bible History? Fortunately, Jews and Gentiles today who believe on Jesus Christ enjoy the spiritual blessings of the new covenant. However, in the original promise to Israel back in Jeremiah 31:31-34, God promised to write His law within and on their hearts. In Ezekiel 36:26-27, another New Covenant reference, God promised, “I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh. And I will put my Spirit in you and move you to follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws.”
When we observe the nation of Israel today, unfortunately, we don’t see this verse being fulfilled. Israel is in a state of unbelief. In fact, many Jews today aggressively reject Jesus; even disowning family members who believe in Jesus. This is concrete evidence that the new covenant is not fulfilled in its entirety.
So, when will it be fulfilled? Like all the other conditional covenants, the New covenant will be fulfilled in its entirety during the thousand-year reign of Christ. Israel will enjoy in full all that God has promised them.
NOTE: Read and study the above, as our next quiz will pertain to the above lesson. Hope you stay well and healthy.